MoL-2017-10: Medieval vs Contemporary Metaphysics of Intentionality and Logic

MoL-2017-10: Bułeczka, Andrzej (2017) Medieval vs Contemporary Metaphysics of Intentionality and Logic. [Report]

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Abstract

This thesis addresses three challenges posed by intentionality - the ability of our mental states and language to be about something - to a logician: an apparent reference to non-existent objects, intentional indeterminacy and the failure of substitutivity of coextensive terms in an intentional context. Since intentionality plays an important role in our everyday reasoning, a proper formal account of it is highly desirable, yet it requires a departure from classical logic. One can modify classical logic and adapt the formal apparatus to account for the aforementioned problems (Graham Priest’s logic for intentionality serves as an example of such an approach in this work) or one can make an even more radical shift and seek for inspiration in a different logical tradition like the terminist logic developed in the Late Middle Ages by figures like William of Ockham or John Buridan. The second path is explored here as a modest attempt to show that once we abandon the bias against the history of logic as irrelevant, we can actually get access to firm logical solutions inaccessible from a classical perspective, while still practicing logic proper.

Item Type: Report
Report Nr: MoL-2017-10
Series Name: Master of Logic Thesis (MoL) Series
Year: 2017
Subjects: Logic
Philosophy
Depositing User: Dr Marco Vervoort
Date Deposited: 18 Jul 2017 14:09
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2017 14:09
URI: https://eprints.illc.uva.nl/id/eprint/1546

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