MoL-2005-06: Penalty Logic and Genomic Encoding

MoL-2005-06: Mijangos, Teresita (2005) Penalty Logic and Genomic Encoding. [Report]

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Abstract

Universal Grammar (UG) is characterized by the assumption that all human languages share a common structure with respect to their linguistic well-formedness conditions. In Optimality Theory (OT) this structure is represented by a set of linguistic candidate forms, a set of constraints and the definition of being optimal. The nativist view of OT assumes that such a structure is encoded in a Language Acquisition Device (LAD) provided to a learner of a language genetically. The symbolic and the biological levels in which OT and the LAD are respectively, can be complemented with an intermediate level: the connectionist level. In this thesis, our purpose is focus on the link of the symbolic and the connectionist level with a logical stage. Through an example based on the CV Syllable Theory of OT, we build a bridge among OT-Connectionism-Penalty Logic. In particular, for the link OT-Connectionism, we take from Smolensky and Legendre (2005) a translation of the CV Syllable Theory into connectionist terms. Such a translation is called CV_net. For the link Connectionism-Penalty Logic, we propose a translation, expressed in the penalty knowledge base 'cv'. This last translation has as purpose to simplify the encoding of the common structure U suggested by CV_net. In fact, such a translation could be seen as an alternative encoding of U. As advantages, it has its simplicity and the enrichment of the linguistic exploration with logic's tools.;

Item Type: Report
Report Nr: MoL-2005-06
Series Name: Master of Logic Thesis (MoL) Series
Year: 2005
Uncontrolled Keywords: Universal Grammar, Optimality Theory, Connectionism, Penalty Logic
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2016 14:38
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2016 14:38
URI: https://eprints.illc.uva.nl/id/eprint/760

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