PP-2006-19: Exemplar-Based Linguistics: How to Get Productivity from Examples

PP-2006-19: Bod, Rens (2006) Exemplar-Based Linguistics: How to Get Productivity from Examples. [Report]

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Exemplar-based models of language propose that human language
production and understanding operate with a store of concrete
linguistic experiences rather than with abstract linguistic
rules. While exemplar-based models are well acknowledged in areas like
phonology and morphology, common wisdom has it that they are
intrinsically flawed for syntax where infinite generative capacity is
needed. This paper shows that this common wisdom is wrong. It starts
out by reviewing an exemplar-based syntactic model, known as
Data-Oriented Parsing, or DOP, which operates on a corpus of
phrase-structure trees. While this model is productive, it is
inadequate from the point of grammatical productivity. We therefore
extend it to the more sophisticated linguistic representations
proposed by Lexical-Functional Grammar theory, resulting in the model
known as LFG-DOP, which does allow for meta-linguistic judgments of
acceptability. We show how DOP deals with first language acquisition,
suggesting a unified model for language learning and language use, and
go into a number of syntactic phenomena that can be explained by DOP
but that challenge rule-based models. We argue that if there is
anything innate in language cognition it is not Universal Grammar but
'Universal Representation'.

Item Type: Report
Report Nr: PP-2006-19
Series Name: Prepublication (PP) Series
Year: 2006
Uncontrolled Keywords: exemplar-based linguistics; data-oriented parsing
Depositing User: Rens Bod
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2016 14:36
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2016 14:36
URI: https://eprints.illc.uva.nl/id/eprint/194

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