PP-2008-47: Now that you mention it: Awareness dynamics in discourse and decisions

PP-2008-47: Franke, Michael and de Jager, Tikitu (2008) Now that you mention it: Awareness dynamics in discourse and decisions. [Report]

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We model unawareness of possibilities in decision-making and
(linguistic) pragmatic reasoning. A background model is filtered
through a state of limited awareness to provide the epistemic state of
an agent who is not attending to all possibilities. We extend the
standard notion of awareness with `assumptions' (implicit beliefs
about propositions the agent is unaware of) and define a dynamic
update for `becoming aware.' We give a propositional model and a
decision-theoretic model, and suggest that decision problems should in
general be seen as filtered models in this sense, describing only
those features of the situation which the modeller considers relevant
and the agent is aware of. We show how pragmatic relevance reasoning
can be described in this framework, extending a standard definition to
the case of awareness updates. An utterance can be relevant even if
semantically uninformative, if it brings relevant alternatives to
awareness. This gives an explanation for the use of possibility modals
and questions as hedged suggestions, bringing possibilities to
awareness but only implicating their degree of desirability or

Item Type: Report
Report Nr: PP-2008-47
Series Name: Prepublication (PP) Series
Year: 2008
Uncontrolled Keywords: awareness; pragmatics; decision theory
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2016 14:37
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2016 14:37
URI: https://eprints.illc.uva.nl/id/eprint/321

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