MoL-2022-04: Communicate and Vote: Collective Truth-tracking in Networks

MoL-2022-04: Janssens, Nicolien S. (2022) Communicate and Vote: Collective Truth-tracking in Networks. [Report]

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From different angles of science, there has been a growing interest in the abilities of groups to track the truth. The Condorcet Jury Theorem (1785) states that without communication, infinitely big groups will reach a correct majority opinion with certainty. Coughlan (2000), meanwhile formulated a model in which all agents communicate with each other, showing that majorities are only just as good as fully-communicating individuals. In reality, communication is usually between these two extremes: some agents communicate with some of the others, but not with all others. We refer to this as partial communication. This thesis provides a Bayesian framework to study the influence of partial communication on individual as well as group accuracy, thereby generalising Condorcet’s as well as Coughlan’s setting. We obtain results for individual and group accuracy in three type of networks. Firstly, we study the extreme case where there is either no communication or everyone communicates with everyone. Secondly, we determine accuracy for regular networks, in which all agents communicate with equally many other agents. Thirdly, we derive a formula to express the expected accuracy in random networks, in which agents can communicate with various numbers of other agents. The formula enables us to determine the effect of various parameters on the individual and group accuracy in a random network with partial communication. Finally, we show that in random networks, despite correlation between agents, we can still obtain accurate majorities under some constraints.

Item Type: Report
Report Nr: MoL-2022-04
Series Name: Master of Logic Thesis (MoL) Series
Year: 2022
Subjects: Computation
Depositing User: Dr Marco Vervoort
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2022 15:12
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2022 15:29

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